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What is Hacking ? How Many Types Of Hackers 2021 - Complete Guide Of Hacking Attacks

What is Hacking?

Simply Hacking means the activity of find out the problem and weaknesses of a computer operating system in other words a network to exploit the security of the computer system to gain access to personal data. just suppose computer hacking can be using a password or code to cracking an algorithm to gain access to the computer.

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Most Importantly Computers have become essential to run successful online businesses. It is not enough to have isolated computer systems; they need to be networked to easy communication with external businesses. 


The System of hacking means using computers to commit fraudulent acts such as fraud, privacy invasion, stealing corporate/personal data, and also cybercrimes cost many companies millions of dollars per year. Businesses need to protect and they want a powerful security system against such types of attacks.

Who is a Hacker?

Guys what do mean by a hacker The person who finds and recognize the weak-points in computer systems and networks to gain access. and one more thing you must know These Hackers are highly skilled computer programmers with huge Info about computer security.

Types of Hackers


The Hackers have divided into 6 types. The following list classifies types of hackers according to their intent:

Ethical Hacker (White hat): 

Ethical Hacker is simply known as a security hacker who gains access to systems by solve and fixing the identified weak-points Computer. They may also perform Penetration Testing and vulnerability assessments.

Cracker (Black hat): 

This type of hacker is who gains Illegal access to computer systems for personal gain. they steal intent corporate data, violate privacy rights, transfer funds from bank accounts, and other online criminal activities.

Grey hat: 

Gray hat hacking is the set or combination of both legal and illegal online activities in other words a hacker who is in between ethical and black hat hackers. breaks into computer systems without authority with a view to identify weaknesses and reveal them to the system owner.

Script kiddies: 

script kiddies unprofessional Individual who gains access to computer systems using already made tools.

Hacktivist:

A hacker uses hacking to send messages through social, religious, and political. This is usually hijacking the sites and leaving the message on the hijacked website/blog.

Phreaker: 

A person who identifies and exploits weaknesses in telephones instead of computers this type is called a phreaker.

Introduction of Cybercrime:

In Short, Cybercrime actually is the activity of using computer systems and networks to attempted illegal activities such as computer viruses, Cyber Harassment, performing Illegal electronic fund transfers.
Most cybercrime hacks are committed through the internet.

The types of cybercrimes:

Computer Fraud: 

The online Intentional deception for personal gain via the use of computer systems.

Privacy violation: 

Exposing or viral personal info just like email addresses, cell phone numbers, bank account details on social media, hacking internet sites.

Identity Theft:

Stealing personal information from a person and impersonating that person.

Sharing copyrighted files/information: 

This involves distributing copyright-protected files such as eBooks and computer programs.

Electronic funds transfer: 

Gaining unauthorized access to bank computer networks and creating an illegal fund or black money transfers.

Electronic money laundering: 

The use of a computer to launder money.

ATM Fraud: 

Intercepting ATM card details such as account number and PIN numbers.

Denial of Service Attacks: 

The use of computers in multiple locations to attack servers with a view of shutting them down.

Spam: 

Sending a scamming email. These emails usually contain advertisements

What is Ethical Hacking?

Ethical Hacking is identifying weaknesses in computer systems and/or computer networks and coming with countermeasures that protect the weaknesses. Ethical hackers must abide by the following rules.
Get written permission from the owner of the computer system and/or computer network before hacking. Protect the privacy of the organization been hacked.

Transparently report all the identified weaknesses in the computer system to the organization.
Inform hardware and software vendors of the identified weaknesses.

Why Ethical Hacking?

The most valuable assets of an organization. Keeping information secure can protect an organization’s image and save an organization a lot of money.

Ethical hacking puts them a step ahead of the cybercriminals who would otherwise lead to loss of business.

The legality of Ethical Hacking:

Ethical Hacking is legal if the hacker abides by the rules stipulated in the above section on the definition of ethical hacking. 

The EC-Council gives a certification program that tests an individual’s skills. Those who pass the examination are awarded certificates. 

Summary:

The summary of Hacking is identifying and exploiting weaknesses in computer systems and/or computer networks. Cybercrime is committing a crime with the aid of computers and information technology infrastructure.

Ethical Hacking is about improving the security of computer systems and their networks. Ethical Hacking is legal.

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